Papel das motivações do empreendedor na decisão de lançamento da iniciativa social

Susana Bernardino, José Freitas Santos

Abstract


É objetivo da investigação analisar o papel que as motivações assumem na decisão de lançamento de uma iniciativa de empreendedorismo em Portugal. Para o efeito, parte-se de uma revisão de literatura sobre o tema, seguindo-se a realização de uma investigação quantitativa através de um inquérito por questionário online enviado aos responsáveis de Organizações Não Governamentais para o Desenvolvimento existentes em Portugal e de projetos cotados na Bolsa Portuguesa de Valores Sociais. A investigação revela que os indivíduos quando se envolvem no empreendedorismo social o fazem de uma forma intencional, tendo em mente determinados propósitos que pretendem alcançar. O estudo realizado confirma a relevância de três objetivos na formação das intenções: a determinação social, a afiliação para com uma determinada comunidade e os objetivos de caráter pessoal, de natureza não pecuniária, relacionados com a autorrealização. Os resultados indicam que a prática do empreendedorismo social é compatível com um conjunto de motivações, de natureza não exclusivamente social, muito embora a determinação social seja predominante na decisão. A investigação apresenta como principal limitação o número de respostas obtidas. A relevância do estudo resulta das implicações práticas para o fomento do nível de empreendedorismo social em Portugal, desde que os poderes públicos atuem sobre os fatores com maior influência na formação das intenções para a adoção de um comportamento socialmente empreendedor. A investigação é realizada numa área considerada crucial para a compreensão do empreendedorismo social, onde os estudos empíricos são ainda considerados escassos, em particular no panorama nacional.


Keywords


Empreendedorismo social; Empreendedor social; Motivações; Antecedentes de comportamento;

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References


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